Hysteroscopy is the name given to the examination of the inside of the uterus and the part of the tubes that open to the uterus accompanied by an optical camera. It is a procedure that serves to perform diagnostic and surgical procedures.
Hysteroscopy is performed by entering the uterus through the cervical canal vaginally using special tools. In this method, images are tracked on a monitor. A tubular instrument consisting of a camera or lens system that enters the uterus is called a hysteroscope. Inspection can be done in 3 ways. These:
Before surgery, one of two different methods is used to open the cervix, such as putting drugs into the patient's mouth or vagina.
In cases where it is difficult for the cervix to expand enough to pass through the hysteroscope, it must be expanded using long thin rods called Spark Plugs. Then the hysteroscope is slowly released into the uterus and the image projected onto the monitor is monitored. At this time, fluid is added to the uterus so that the inside of the uterus expands further and the hysteroscope can observe the uterus comfortably. If necessary, the cutter or burner at the end of the hysteroscope is operated with appropriate tools. There are two types of hysteroscopy methods called diagnostic, diagnostic, or office, and surgical or operative.
Menstruation generally ends after the operation 1. it should be done weekly. 1 week after the end of menstruation, the reason for the cavity is that there is no blood in the uterine cavity, the cavity will be easily seen. In addition, there is no thickening in the wall of the uterus, so polyps or fibroids will be easily visible. 1 hysteroscopy can still be performed, as it is sometimes necessary to perform diagnostic and therapeutic operations in patients with excessive uterine bleeding due to conditions. But in general, it is more appropriate to do it 1 week after the end of menstruation.
After the operation, the person can be discharged from the hospital on the same day. There is a very rapid healing process. Since no incision is made during the procedure, there is no healing process due to the scar and the like. It is normal to have very little pain due to the hysteroscopy process. This is not a situation to worry about the healing process is completed quickly. After surgery, a doctor should be consulted if conditions such as excessive vaginal bleeding, severe abdominal pain, fever, foul odor, and excessive vaginal discharge are noticed. After surgery, it is normal to feel some vaginal discharge and cramps for a few days. There is no problem with using simple painkillers for these pains. After surgery, sexual intercourse should be avoided for a few days or decongest until the next menstrual period.
Hysteroscopy is an important diagnostic mechanism in the investigation of the causes of infertility, recurrent miscarriages, the investigation of the cause of abnormal menstrual bleeding, and the detection of intrauterine pathologies and the treatment process.
Most operations can be performed with very little pain after the procedure without an incision.