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Kadın Hastalıkları ve Doğum Uzmanı - Op. Dr. Nazlı Oral Korkmaz

Pregnancy and Birth

Pregnancy and Birth

Pregnancy and birth are some of the most important and miraculous events that nature offers. Pregnancy is considered one of the most sensitive periods of a woman. Paying attention to some points during pregnancy contributes to a healthier pregnancy. During pregnancy, certain situations need to be considered to be comfortable and not to struggle with problems.

 

Week By Week Pregnancy

Pregnancy is extremely important for expectant mothers during pregnancy. For this reason, every expectant mother is curious about many issues about the pregnancy process. Below we have explained the pregnancy process week by week for you

1st-week pregnancy; egg fertilization occurs during 1-week gestation. No mention is out of the question.

2. week pregnancy; is the process by which the egg begins to fertilize. In this process, the sperm is fertilized with the residual egg. And the egg begins to move into the womb.

3rd-week pregnancy; no longer your mother candidates 3. They can get tested when the week reaches pregnancy. During this period, tests performed due to a high level of HCG hormone will be positive.

4th-week pregnancy; in this week all the organs of the baby no longer develop. Some organs begin to work. Expectant mothers may constantly experience nausea. The embryo is the size of a fig seed wherever it is.

5th-week pregnancy; 5. During weeks of pregnancy, the embryo will grow faster than ever. Fatigue can be observed in mothers. The baby's height is now about the size of a sesame seed.

 

6. week pregnancy; now after this week, the baby's mouth will start to form. In addition, the ears and noses will develop and form. You can hear on ultrasound how fast their heart rhythms are beating.

7th-week pregnancy; in 7th-week pregnancies, the head part of the baby develops quite quickly. Do not forget to consume foods that contain plenty of phosphorus, as the brain development of your child, who is about 2 cm tall, increases during this period.

8th-week pregnancy; morning nausea may be more common in expectant mothers than usual. During this period, the baby's eyelids are formed and the nose continues to form. In addition, the baby's digestive system and lungs will begin to function.

9th-week pregnancy; during this week's pregnancies, the baby's physical and brain development continues. But expectant mothers should always pay attention to feeding their babies.

10th-week pregnancy; now your baby continues to grow rapidly. He has reached about 3 cm in height. The baby will start moving his toes during this period.

11th-week pregnancy; in this week, frequent nausea experienced in expectant mothers will now ease. In addition, expectant mothers will become more vibrant and energetic than ever.

12th-week pregnancy; now expectant mothers have more weight gain and the abdominal area will start to appear more.

 

13th-week pregnancy; during this period, your breast is preparing to give milk. Therefore, there may be uncomfortable conditions in the chest area. You do not need to panic. The baby's development continues during this period.

14th-week pregnancy; you have started to enter the most enjoyable period of the pregnancy process. Now nausea, weakness, or other ailments will decrease and even disappear completely in the middle. You have entered a period called the 2nd trimester period.

15th-week pregnancy; urinary tract infections are common during this period. For this, you should not neglect to drink at least two liters of water daily.

16th week gestation period; the baby, which weighs approximately 100 G, has a height ratio of up to 11 cm. It will now start to grow incredibly fast after the 16th week.

17th-week pregnancy; during 17th-week pregnancy, your baby begins to move its mouth. Her eyebrows and hair are now formed during this period.

18th-week pregnancy; during this period, expectant mothers should take care to consume fewer sweets. It is also important that they be careful not to lift heavy.

19th-week pregnancy; during this period, the doctor provides various mineral and vitamin supplements.

20th-week pregnancy; the weight of your baby, which is 16 cm long, is about 300 g. Now his heartbeat will be stronger than before. Also, brain development increases during this period.

21st-week pregnancy; 21 weeks pregnancy will progress extremely comfortably for expectant mothers. The baby's brain and body development continue this week.

22. week pregnancy; it is recommended to consume plenty of vitamins and minerals in terms of the baby's health and cellular development.

23rd-week pregnancy; constipation may occur from expectant mothers while the baby's development continues. In this case, you must explain the situation to your doctor. Medication for constipation can be applied.

24th week of pregnancy; in this process, your baby has now reached a height of 30 cm. The image of the baby is like a fully developed baby.

25th-week pregnancy; this week there are doctor checks for expectant mothers. Check for bleeding in the vagina.

26th-week pregnancy; 26. During weekly pregnancies, the expectant mother should now start her daily routine walks. So he must now gradually prepare himself for childbirth.

27th-week pregnancy; baby's development continues. In the expectant mother, a constant desire to sleep may occur. You can often sleep during the day.

28th-week pregnancy; during this period, you can start to feel all the movements of the baby. Because of the narrowing of the abdomen, you will start to feel your baby closer.

29th-week pregnancy; now during this period, the baby's height has started to become 40 cm. Your baby is growing at full speed.

30th-week pregnancy; your baby's lungs and brain continue to grow at full speed. In addition, the baby's toenails began to form during this period.

31st-week pregnancy; frequent contractions may occur during this period. This is seen as the body's preparation for childbirth.

32nd-week pregnancy; during this period, the baby's bone development is now increasing. The baby needs more vitamin D.

33rd-week pregnancy; now your baby has started to see and hear. He'll start reacting to sounds from outside.

34th week of pregnancy; this week you can now speed up all your baby's preparations. Because most babies are born without waiting for their day.

35th week of pregnancy; your baby's height has now grown too long, reaching about 45 cm tall. It now continues its development in the womb, ready for birth.

36th week of pregnancy; now you need to start preparing your body for childbirth. For this reason, you should consume a lot of water for your body. And you should not neglect walking.

37th-week gestation; most babies 37. It's born every week. For this reason, it is recommended to prepare yourself for childbirth. On the other hand, the baby also developed a sucking reflex.

 

38th week of pregnancy; this week comes constant yellow water in the breasts. This water is extremely important for the development of the baby. When your baby is born, it is now recommended to breastfeed plenty.

39th week of pregnancy; this week, residual birth symptoms become frequent. So you can go into labor any minute. You must prepare yourself.

40th week of pregnancy; in this week, residual labor occurs. Mothers should now leave the pregnancy process behind and take care of their baby's nutrition.

 

What Should Be Considered During Pregnancy And Childbirth?

Foods consumed during pregnancy and childbirth are very important for the health of the mother and child. Iron, folic acid, and protein are among the things that should be taken daily Dec. From this point of view, eating rich foods is very important for the growth and development of the baby. Sautéed vegetable types should be consumed frequently during this period. In addition, regular consumption of fibrous foods can prevent the problem of constipation. During this period, it is necessary to avoid the types of food that can create risks, such as well-cooked eggs, raw meat, pasteurized cheese.

In the nutrition process during pregnancy, it is necessary to pay attention to decoctions as well as the main meals. Especially to organize decoctions in a much healthier way, it will be a healthy choice to turn to foods such as apples, pears, nuts. These foods, which are hearty decoction, allow you to control weight during pregnancy.

During pregnancy and childbirth, you should be comfortable both during pregnancy and preparing for childbirth. Exercise is one of the most important things to consider for this. Regular exercise is very useful psychologically and physically, as well as laying the groundwork for a comfortable and easy birth. The most appropriate exercises for the pregnancy period are yoga, pilates, walking, and swimming. In addition to these exercises, it is worth noting that you should avoid sports such as weight lifting, running.

Disrupting sleep patterns during pregnancy is one of the problems that women complain about. During pregnancy, the most comfortable sleeping position will be to lie on the left side, supporting the abdominal area with a pillow. On the other hand, it is necessary to sleep at least seven hours to meet daily energy. Sleeping less can also lead to complaints such as inability to rest enough, fatigue, weakness.

 

How To Prepare For Childbirth?

To have a healthy pregnancy process, expectant mothers should prepare themselves both physically and psychologically for birth. Knowing how to give birth, moving away from misinformation on these issues, and adopting the idea that birth is a normal process help expectant mothers to have a comfortable birth. Especially difficult birth stories heard from the environment, difficulties experienced in the process of pregnancy lead to a difficult perception of the birth process, and therefore the fear of birth can be experienced. In order not to cause this fear, the woman needs to prepare herself correctly and approach the birth as positively as possible to have a comfortable birth.

Muscle tension can be experienced during pregnancy and childbirth for both psychological and physical reasons. Doing relaxation exercises to prevent muscle tension will contribute to the work of muscles, which will help reduce tension and give birth. 

For every expectant mother who is in the process of pregnancy, taking the right breath is much more important for the moment of birth, contrary to what is believed. It is possible to learn to use breathing more consciously by working the rib cage and abdominal November separately with breathing exercises. Breathing, deep breathing, and waiting for frequent breathing with the rib cage provide convenience during labor pains. Large and deep breaths are effective in the process of straining. In addition to providing oxygen to the baby, it also helps focus during contractions.

For the expectant mother to have a safe pregnancy and to have a healthy baby, the pregnancy period must be followed regularly. During some periods of pregnancy, tests that will be performed on the baby and the expectant mother in the womb are of great importance for healthy development. Many problems, from Down syndrome to neurological problems, can be detected while still in the womb, and take the necessary precautions.

 

Tests To Be Performed During Pregnancy

During 40 weeks of pregnancy, prominent features that affect the whole body can occur from the first day of the last menstrual cycle. Regular checks during pregnancy are vital for the health of both the baby in the womb and the expectant mother.

Regular checks are extremely important for the health of the mother and baby throughout pregnancy. During pregnancy follow-up, tests, examinations, and ultrasounds are performed to evaluate the condition of the baby and mother, including the postpartum process from the beginning of pregnancy, to inform the parents and to prevent any problems that may occur.

It is very important to identify some existing diseases in the expectant mother, important health problems that may occur due to the pregnancy process, and to take precautions correctly promptly to detect genetic disorders in the child, early pregnancies. At the same time, for the birth to be performed at the right time and under the right conditions, it is necessary to have regular December checks during the pregnancy process.

Pre-planning the pregnancy and birth process increases the normal course of this process and the chances of the baby being healthy, reducing the likelihood of encountering some unexpected risks. During the period from the time of pregnancy determination to at least 3 months ago, it is recommended to obtain counseling services from the obstetrician. According to the results of blood tests and ultrasound, the risks that may occur during pregnancy are determined and tried to prevent.

Thanks to advances in medical technology and knowledge, many problems that can threaten the life of the mother and child can be identified even in the first weeks of pregnancy. For this reason, pregnancy follow-up should be started from the moment of pregnancy detection. There are several examinations and follow-up programs that need to be done during pregnancy, which are accepted all over the world and some parts of which are among the sine qua nondeciduous. At least once a month until the 32nd week of pregnancy, every two weeks at 32-36th weeks and 36th. follow-up is required once a week, from week to birth. In pregnant women at high risk, this follow-up program is more common.

 

What Tests Should Be Performed During Pregnancy?

What Are The Tests That Should Be Done Before Conception?

Blood match Test: the blood groups of the mother and father should be known. RH mismatch occurs if the mother is Rh-, and the father is Rh+.

Infection Screening Test:

The aim of TORCHS (TOxoplasma, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, Herpes, syphilis) test is to detect infections that are likely to be passed from mother to baby during pregnancy.

 

What Are The Tests That Should Be Performed During Pregnancy?

First Examination In Pregnancy:

 A pregnancy test may be requested for easier examination at the first examination (beta-hCG), that is, in the blood. If the blood test result is positive, if there is a pregnancy condition, an internal pregnancy or ectopic pregnancy is monitored by looking into the uterus with the help of vaginal ultrasonography. It is important to correctly determine the week of pregnancy in patients who have an irregular menstrual cycle during the examination or who do not clearly remember the last menstrual date. Current bodyweight of the expectant mother, blood pressure measurement should be done at each examination.

Weight Tracking:

(At home in the morning on an empty stomach) and evaluation of abdominal growth should be done.

Pregnancy detection tests: it is performed by detecting HCG hormone in the urine and blood. In tests performed by taking a blood sample, the result is obtained without waiting for a delay in menstruation. In urine tests, the results are obtained from the delay of menstruation for 3-10 days Dec.

Blood and urine results:

Anemia and other blood-related values are detected by the result of urine, inflammation of the urinary tract, and other problems.

Ultrasound Pregnancy Tracking:

In expectant mothers who do not remember the week of pregnancy and the last menstrual date (SAT), the last menstrual date can be determined by early ultrasound measurement.

It can be used to detect Down syndrome, known in society as mental retardation. Developmental disorders in the baby developmental disorders in the vertebrae can be determined by the measurements made to match the week of pregnancy.

Dual Test:

It is the test conducted between the 11th and 14th weeks. Ultrasound determines the thickness of the nape of the baby. Down syndrome is the most common type of Down Syndrome. Your pregnancy is 11-14. it is done between Weeks Dec.

Pregnancy Sugar Screening:

Sugar loading test is performed between 24th and 28th weeks Dec. (As 50-100gr → OGTT)

NST:

It is a test used during the last 3-month gestation period, although it is necessary. It evaluates uterine contractions and the baby's heartbeat.

A test that evaluates the baby's heartbeat and the mother's uterine contraction. It is a test used during the last 3-month gestation period, although it is necessary.

 

Triple Test: performed between 16th and 18th weeks Dec. 3 hormones are tested in the blood. The detection of abnormalities such as neural tube defects, Down syndrome provides. Ideally, it is done between 16 and 18 weeks of pregnancy. With 3 substances looked at in the blood value of the expectant mother, it is clear whether the baby has a Triosmia neural tube defect or Down syndrome, as well as spinal nerve tissue. The triple test is a screening test and helps in determining pregnancies that require advanced examination.

 

Doppler ultrasonography: performed between 20th and 24th weeks Dec.

It is done between 24-28th weeks of gestation Dec. It doesn't matter if the expectant mother is hungry or full. The expectant mother is given 50 g of sugar-containing water. Then, the sugar water is expected to enter the blood for 1 hour and the blood is taken to look at the blood sugar. Below 140mg / dL indicates that the test is at a normal level. Depending on other complaints from these tests, which are important to be performed in certain patterns and weeks during pregnancy, certain tests can be performed for blood counts, urinals, liver, and kidney function tests.

With the help of ultrasonography, the distance of the head and butt of the baby, the transparency of the nape are measured. Blood is taken from the mother on the day of the ultrasound. The risk of a pregnant mother giving birth to a child with Down syndrome is calculated by measuring the two hormone values looked at in maternal blood, the transparency of the baby's nape, and the age of the mother with the help of the program. Ultrasonography is a screening test. The further examination determines the pregnancy process that needs to be performed. A high-value test is not proof that the baby has an anomaly, and a low-value test cannot guarantee that the baby develops completely healthy.

 

If During Pregnancy;

* Intense vaginal discharge or burning sensation when urinating

* Fever rise

* Severe abdominal or groin pain

* Vaginal bleeding

* Decreased or not felt baby movements

* Coming of water

* Feeling of rhythmic contractions (pain) that come at certain December intervals

* Visual disturbances, widespread edema, severe stomach pain, or headache

* Birth pains do not start, although the expected date has passed

 

Where Can I Have My Baby?

You can choose how you want to give birth to your baby, it is usually safer for both you and your baby. Mothers can give birth in a hospital, under the supervision of a doctor, or in water. You can choose to talk to your doctor. The doctor's advice will depend on whether you and your baby are at lower risk during childbirth.

If this is your second or third baby in pregnancy and birth and is considered low risk. Giving birth in a hospital, under the supervision of a doctor, or at home is a choice for you.

But not all mothers can give birth where they plan to. If your pregnancy is at higher risk, for example, if you have twins, if you give birth prematurely, you are strongly encouraged to give birth in a hospital under the supervision of a doctor for your safety and the safety of your baby.

 

Is Natural Birth Best?

Birth In Hospital

Many mothers choose to have their baby in a hospital with skilled doctors and special tools. This may be more accurate, especially if it's your first baby or if you've had a difficult birth before. Because it is under the control of a doctor, it is quite safe and is the most often preferred method.

Midwife-Led Births

Some mothers prefer to have their babies in a midwife-managed unit. Midwife-led units allow you to bring your baby into the world in a home-like and more comfortable environment. Because some are close to the hospital and some are like a unit located inside the hospital, the birth takes place in a comfortable and healthy environment.

Water Birth

Expectant mothers prefer to give birth in water because it is a more painless and healthy method. Birth in water is the process of filling water in a bathtub and giving vaginal birth accompanied by a doctor. In recent years, pregnancy and birth methods are the most commonly preferred and head-struck practice.

Kadın Hastalıkları ve Doğum Uzmanı - Op. Dr. Nazlı Oral Korkmaz

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