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Kadın Hastalıkları ve Doğum Uzmanı - Op. Dr. Nazlı Oral Korkmaz

Nutrition During Pregnancy

Nutrition During Pregnancy

For healthy infant development, proper and regular nutrition of the mother is of great importance. Nutrition during pregnancy should be eaten from all food groups so that the baby can complete its physical and mental development. During pregnancy, the development and growth of the baby occur by the process of transporting nutrients that the expectant mother receives daily to the fetus through the placenta. The Fetus meets the energy and nutritional values it needs from the store of the expectant mother. Expectant mother's energy needs 20. from the week on, it increases much more. From the second trimester of pregnancy, the body stores about 3.5 kilograms of fat to prepare the mother for the breastfeeding period and maintain metabolism with it.

 

Why Is Nutrition Important During Pregnancy?

Nutrition during pregnancy should be balanced and adequate for expectant mothers to meet their own physiological needs, keep their body stores in balance, and ensure the healthy growth of the baby. As a result of studies, it has been proven that nutrition during pregnancy directly affects the baby's birth weight, brain development, death in the womb, premature birth, and pregnancy blood pressure.

 

The Importance Of Consuming Milk And Dairy Products

Since the baby's bone structure is from 4-6 weeks, nutrition during pregnancy is also very important to consume milk and dairy products. At least 1 cup of milk, a bowl of yogurt, and a certain portion of cheese should be consumed every day. Since eggs are rich enough to meet our protein needs, they should be added to the nutrition ritual at least 3 days a week.

 

Prescription for Nutrition During Pregnancy

Many processes such as the formation of the nervous system, the development of November, and the regulation of enzymes and hormones pass through protein sources. Nutrition during pregnancy, red meat is considered the most important source of protein, so it should be on the nutrition list at least 2 days a week. Although red meat is a source of protein, it is also very rich in fat, water, phosphorus, sodium, magnesium, calcium, zinc, iron and copper minerals, and Group B vitamins. But attention should be paid to whether the meat is cooked well when consumed. Undercooked meat is not recommended in the feeding process during pregnancy due to the risk that it can lead to bacterial growth in the large intestine.

 

Water Tops Everything

First of all, water consumption is of great importance in the nutrition process during pregnancy. Excessive water consumption prevents complaints such as uterine contractions, urinary tract infection, constipation, edema of the body, heartburn, and nausea. Although drinking plain water is the most useful, liquid needs can also be met with liquids such as open tea, milk, buttermilk, soup, and mineral water to complete 3 liters per day. But during the feeding process during pregnancy, acidic and carbonated drinks should be avoided.

 

How Should Nutrition Be During Pregnancy?

Nutrition and healthy nutrition during pregnancy are an important issue that contributes to the development of the baby. Foods that store protein, such as yogurt, red meat, fish, chicken, milk, cheese, beans, lentils, eggs, consumed during pregnancy, significantly meet your protein needs. Therefore, you should not miss them from your table. Alcohol prevents the development of the baby and leads to mental retardation; you should stay away.  Fast food, hamburgers, sandwiches, such as fresh vegetables and fruits should be eaten instead of the importance.

In addition, it is useful to avoid excessively sweet, fatty foods and deli products such as sausage, raw salami. In the second half of pregnancy, the mother begins to need iron and folic acid more. Therefore, iron and folic acid supplements should be started for the expectant mother under the supervision of a doctor. Meals 3 main 3 decoctions should be in the form of menus and should not be hungry for long periods.

Sunbathing for 30 minutes in summer to strengthen the baby's bone structure and increase the calcium ratio will be good for both you and your baby by providing vitamin D. If there is no edema and high blood pressure, there is no salt restriction. Here you should pay attention to taking iodized salt. Tea and coffee should not be consumed excessively. Alcohol and smoking are not right. Gain too much weight during pregnancy, high blood pressure, they might be confronted with. In those who eat less than this, the risk of premature birth occurs. The most humid element here is the 20th century. 400-500 gr per week from the week. references If it is too much, carbohydrates (especially bread sweet sugar) should be reduced. Nausea and vomiting may occur in the first 3 months of pregnancy. In this case, pregnant women should not eat in the kitchen accompanied by the smell of food, they should eat less and often.

 

Ideal Foods to Be Consumed During Pregnancy

The foods you will consume during pregnancy are very important for maternal health and infant development. The following foods are nutritionally beneficial during pregnancy:

Vegetables: carrots, potatoes, zucchini, spinach, cooked greens, tomatoes, and red sweet pepper (very rich in vitamin A and potassium).

Fruits: melon, watermelon, honey extract, mango, prunes, bananas, apricots, oranges, and red grapefruit (rich in potassium).

Milk: fat-free or low-fat yogurt, milk, soy milk (contains calcium, potassium, vitamins A and D).

Cereals: ready-to-eat cooked cereals (very rich in fiber, iron, and folic acid).

Proteins: it is beneficial to consume beans and peas, nuts, lean beef, lamb, salmon, trout, anchovy fish, sardines, and mackerel.

 

Foods To Be Avoided During Pregnancy

Avoid eating the following foods during pregnancy:

  • Foods made with unpasteurized milk and unpasteurized milk (feta cheeses)
  • Hot dogs and lunch meats (meat consumed without hot steaming before being eaten)
  • Do not eat raw and undercooked seafood, sushi made with raw fish (cooked sushi can be safely consumed).
  • Offal and undercooked meat
  • Chilled burrito and meat pastes
  • Chilled seafood
  • Alcohol and cigarette consumption
  • Undercooked eggs (can cause food poisoning)
  • Canned foods
  • Well-washed vegetables and fruits
  • Caffeine
  • Vitamin supplements used without doctor's advice

 

Kadın Hastalıkları ve Doğum Uzmanı - Op. Dr. Nazlı Oral Korkmaz

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